Cagliari (Sardinian: Casteddu [kasˈteɖɖu], Latin: Caralis) is an Italian municipality and the capital of the island of Sardinia. Cagliari’s Sardinian name Casteddu literally means castle. It has about 150,000 inhabitants. Karalis was established around the 8th/7th century BC as one of a string of Phoenician colonies in Sardinia, including Tharros. Its founding is linked to its position along communication routes with Africa as well as to its excellent port. The Phoenician settlement was located in the Stagno di Santa Gilla, west of the present centre of Cagliari. This was also the site of the Roman Portus Scipio, and when Arab pirates raided the area in the 8th century it became the refuge for people fleeing from the city. Other Phoenician settlements have been found at Cape Sant’Elia.
Further information on how to get to Cagliari, what to do and spare time are available on the Tourist portal of the city of Cagliari.